Art@Site Alexander Calder Horizontal

Alexander Calder



entrance to the Pompidou Center
Entitled "Horizontal, 1974" this work is by American sculptor Alexander Calder (1898-1976). The work was installed here in 2011.
The piece is nearly shaped like an iconic Christmas tree... but only depicting four sides or two axis of the "tree". At the top is a mobil horizontal bar with 5 yellow, blue and red amporphous shapes attached. The bar turns around the "tree" with the wind.

H.W. Janson, Anthony Janson (2004):
One important development which Surrealism produced in the early 1930s were the mobile sculptures of the American Alexander Calder (1898 - 1976).
Called mobiles for short, they are delicately balanced constructions of metal wire, hinged together and weighted so as to move with the slightest breath of air.
Unpredictable and ever-changing, such mobiles incorporate the fourth dimension as an essential element.
Kinetic sculpture had been conceived first by the Constructivists. Their influence is evident in Calder’s earliest mobiles, which were motor-driven and tended toward abstract geometric forms.
Calder was also affected early on by Mondrian, whose use of primary colors he adopted. Like Mondrian, he initially thought of his constructions as self-contained miniature universes.
But it was his contact with Surrealism that made him realize the poetic possibilities of “natural” rather than fully controlled movement. He borrowed biomorphic shapes from Miró and began to conceive of mobiles as counterparts to organic structures: flowers on flexible stems, foliage quivering in the breeze, marine animals floating in the sea. Infinitely responsive to their enironment, they seem amazingly alive.